Boeing 747-400 British Airways

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The Boeing 747-400 is an American wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Derived from the earlier versions of the Boeing 747, the 747-400 retains the four-engine wide-body layout of its predecessors, whilst incorporating numerous technological and structural changes to produce a more efficient airframe. Its most distinguishing features versus preceding 747 models are 6-foot (1.8 m) winglets mounted on 6-foot (1.8 m) wing tip extensions, which are found on all 747-400s except for Japanese domestic market versions. It is the best-selling model of the Boeing 747 family of jet airliners.

The 747-400 is equipped with a two-crew glass cockpit, which dispenses with the need for a flight engineer, along with more fuel-efficient engines, an optional fuel tank in the horizontal stabilizer, and revised fuselage/wing fairings. The aircraft also features an all-new interior with upgraded in-flight entertainment architecture. As on the 747-300, passenger variants include a stretched upper deck as standard. The 747-400 can accommodate 416 passengers in a typical three-class layout, 524 passengers in a typical two-class layout, or a maximum capacity of 660 passengers in a high–density one-class configuration with the 747-400D variant, and can fly non-stop for up to 7,670 nautical miles (14,200 km) with maximum payload, depending on model.

Northwest Airlines first placed the 747-400 in commercial service on February 9, 1989. The 747-400 was produced in passenger (-400), freighter (-400F), combi (-400M), domestic (-400D), extended range passenger (-400ER) and extended range freighter (-400ERF) versions. The last 747-400, a -400ERF, was delivered in 2009. The 747-400 is the second-most recent version of the 747 family, having been superseded by the improved Boeing 747-8.

Manufacturer: Boeing Commercial Airplanes
Model: 747-4xx
Airline: British Airways
Registration: n/a
Role: Wide-body jet airliner
First flight: April 29, 1988
Introduction: February 9, 1989, with Northwest Airlines
Status: In service
Primary users:

Produced Passenger versions: 1988–2005
Freighter versions: 1993–2009 
Combi versions: 1989–2002
Number built: 694
Unit cost :

  • 747-400/-400ER: US$234–266.5 million (2007)
  • 747-400F/-400ERF: US$238–268 million (2007)

Developed from: Boeing 747-300

  • Boeing YAL-1 
    Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter

Developed into:

  • Boeing 747-8
  • 747 Supertanker


Cockpit crew: 2
Capacity: 416 (23F @ 61" + 80J @ 39" + 313Y @ 32")
Unit Load Devices: 30 LD1/LD3
Exit limit: 550/660
Overall length: 70.66 m
Wingspan: 64.44 m
Wing area: 525 m2
Aspect ratio: 7.91
Overall height: 19.41 m
MTOW: 396,890 kg
OEW: 183,520 kg
Fuel capacity: 216,840 L
Cruise: Mach 0.855 (504 kn; 933 km/h)
Airspeed limit: Mach 0.92 (542 kn; 1,004 km/h)
Takeoff field length: 2,955 m
Range: 13,490 km
Engines (× 4): PW4000 / GE CF6 / RR RB211
Thrust (× 4): 56,500–63,300 lbf (251–282 kN)

About the model:

Manufacturer: n/a
Scale: 1:250

The actual aircraft:

Photo from Wikimedia Commons.